Informed consent is a requirement for the conclusion of every contract including the contract that a person enters into with the seller of the food product by purchasing the said product due to which food labels play an important role for the purchase and sale of any food product. Food labels provide information which helps the consumer to make an informed decision about their purchase. The information provided on the food label include the directions of use and storage to ensure the safe and healthy wellbeing of the consumer, the consumer is able to decide on his purchase according to his dietary requirements which further adds to the satisfaction of the consumer.
The United Arab Emirates through its Ministerial Decision no. 26 of 1984 of the implementing regulation to the federal law no. 4 of 1979 concerning quashing adulteration and fraud in commercial transactions (hereinafter referred to as ‘the implementing law’) has provided us with the regulations regarding the food labeling on the food packaging. The implementing law defines labels as any statement, clarification, mark or descriptive article whether pictorial, written, printed, affixed or engraved on the package of a product or connected to it. These labels are sometimes also referred to as ‘Illustrative Information’. The term ‘package’ for the present regulation means any form or shape by which the food product is packaged to be sold as an independent unit whether containing whole or in parts. This definition of ‘package’ also includes wraps and envelopes. The term ‘packaged’ used here refers to anything packaged in advance to be sold by the retail in packages. russian grocery store
The regulations provided by the implementing law with regards to the information to be included and the manner in which it is to be included are enlisted below:
1. The first and the most important rule regarding the labeling is that it should display only the true information and should in no way mislead the consumers in thinking the product to be some other product or misinform them about the attribute and characteristics of the said product or even the origin and source of the product. Such practices of misleading are considered as a fraud and are penalized by law.
2. The information included on the label must be clear and conspicuous so that the consumer may easily avail it.
3. The information that is hidden through some painted, written or printed material is not considered to be provided.
4. The information should be written in a colour so different from the colour of the background on which it is printed that the consumer may read it with ease.
5. The print of the information should be with a material that cannot be easily removed.
6. The name of the food product must be written in alphabetical letters of a reasonable size comparing to other information specified on the label.
7. In case the package is covered by an external wrap, this wrap must bear all the necessary information, and it must not cover the label of the package or preclude from reading its information with ease.